The Scrum process begins by reviewing a product backlog with the product owner. You identify the highest-priority features and then estimate how many will fit into a sprint. These features then compose the sprint backlog. A sprint is a predefined period of time, usually 2 to 4 weeks, during which the team analyzes, designs, constructs, tests, and documents the selected features.
The team holds a daily status meeting, referred to as the daily Scrum, to review feature status. Individual team members answer these three questions:
- What have you accomplished since our last meeting?
- What will you work on today?
- Are you encountering any impediments or roadblocks in completing your work?
When a sprint is completed, the features are demonstrated to the customer, and the team and the customer decide whether additional work is needed or if the sprint work is approved to be released to a beta or production environment. Each sprint is followed by a retrospective during which the team lists items that went well or poorly; action plans are documented to keep the successes going and to improve the areas that performed poorly. Continue reading